The United Nations Environment Program has launched a campaign to plant a billion trees across the world, to reverse the effects of climate change and global warming, at the United Nations Climate Change Conference being held in Nairobi, Kenya from 6th to 17th November 2006. This initiative is supported by Kenya’s Nobel Peace Prize laureate Wangari Maathai and Prince Albert II of Monaco, in cooperation with the World Agro forestry Center (ICRAF). Achim Steiner, United Nations Under-Secretary-General and the Executive Director of UNEP, said that tree-planting is the only way to sustain environment conservation and he added that the campaign aims to plant a minimum of one billion trees in 2007.

The campaign will encourage all the sectors of the society – from common citizens to large corporations to take necessary steps to combat climate change and global warming, which are considered to the key challenges of the 21st century. The campaign will encourage planting of indigenous trees that are appropriate to local environments, in an attempt to save over 80,000 species of indigenous trees from extinction.

During this conference, the European Union has pledged a total of 18 million USD to minimize the effects of climate change, over the next four years. Many delegates from various countries, who are attending the conference, have expressed optimism that the newly elected senate in United States would push the country to endorse the Kyoto Protocol.

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