Attention – Due To Allegations of Plagiarism, This Article Is Highly Suspect 

Every few years, the 100,000-odd ethnic Nepali refugees who have been stranded in refugee camps near the Bhutan border since 1990 make it into the headlines. Most of the time, this seems to coincide with the failure of another attempt to repatriate them, resettle them or otherwise sort out their nationality. They’ve been in the news again during the past month or so, with their plight moving up the agenda of Nepal’s embryonic national unity government and the United States offering to accept 60,000 of them in a bid to break the stalemate. Unfortunately, because of the vagaries of Nepali and Bhutanese politics, they may fare no better this time despite the changing of the guard in Kathmandu.
The refugees’ story, like many similar political crises, begins in the late 19th and early 20th centuries when Nepalis migrated to the valleys of Bhutan in search of work. Over time, their families and fellow clan members joined the migration, and by the middle of the 20th century, ethnic Nepalis outnumbered the ruling Ngalop ethnic group and arguably formed a demographic plurality within the kingdom. Many succeeded in obtaining Bhutanese nationality, either through marriage or by virtue of a 1958 law that allowed Nepalis living in the country to naturalize.

After the Nation wide census enumeration, which supposed to be the first of its kind in Bhutan funded by International agencies in May 2005 to determine the exact population, which hitherto remained guarded figure of the country, now another census in the southern districts is going on. The census this time is for issuing new citizenship card with more security measures making difficult for any duplication and invalidating the oldone. However, there are other ostensible motives behind the new citizenshipcard especially for the southern Bhutanese. There are reports that the new citizenship cards are not issued to the people of Category F5-F7 (F5-Bhutanese woman with non-Bhutanese husband, F6- Adoption and F 7-Non-Bhutanese). Moreover, the centre of census work is located at convenience of the department officials at the district head quarters and not in a place convenient to the public

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