Leaders of Lebanon’s pro-Western governing coalition lashed out at Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his Lebanese allies — President Emile Lahoud and Shiite militant group Hezbollah. They blamed Syria for the assassination of Pierre Gemayel.

The language of their speeches was politically incorrect. It angered the Shiites when they watched on television insults hurled at their faith and their leaders.

Amar al Mussawi, a member of Hizbullah’s political wing, responded to the statements in an interview with al-Jazeera and said that “they (the anti-Syrian camp) did everything accept what they had to do.

Mr. Gemayel, 34, was the sixth outspoken critic of Damascus killed in the past two years. He was a government minister and symbol of Lebanon’s Christian, pro-Western community. Analysts and political pundits say that he has been killed because of his anti-Syrian stance. However, their line of reasoning does not sound plausible.

The Syrian embassy in Washington said in a statement. ”In a time when the international community is advocating more engagement with Syria, such an act only stands to undermine these initiatives.”

As far as Syrians interference in Lebanon is concerned. Americans are responsible for this. In 1976, Secretary of State Henry Kissinger approved the Syrian occupation of Lebanon. Then, in 1990, another American secretary of state, James Baker, gave the go-ahead for the Syrian army to return to the parts of Lebanon from which it had been excluded in 1982.

Western and Arab media is portraying as if the Shiite Muslim group Hezbollah is responsible for all the woes of Lebanon. Is Hezbollah responsible for the crisis in Lebanon?

The conflict in Lebanon started when a Sunni leader called Maarouf Saad was shot dead in February 1975. In response to this attack, gunmen tried to kill Pierre Gemayel, grandfather of the slain minister, founder of the main right-wing Lebanese Christian militia. He survived the assassination attempt. However, it triggered off a cycle of revenge that culminated in the civil war.

In retaliation, Christian Falangists ambushed a bus full of Muslim passengers and massacred them. Later Sunnis killed 330 Christians at Damour, East of Beirut in 1976. International community still remembers carnage committed by Falangists in the Sabra and Chatila refugee camps in Beirut. It can be deduced that Christians and Sunni are responsible for the Lebanese crisis.

The cause of hysteria among the anti-Syria politicians is the rise of both Iran and Hezbollah. Because The Shiite Muslim group Hezbollah is pushing for a greater stake in the government. They are demanding one-third of the cabinet posts and a power of veto over all government decision-making.

The devil in all of this political jousting is that no one knows what the sect-by-sect numbers are in Lebanon because there has not been a census since the 1930s. All population statistics are controversial, and all sects have inflated their numbers.The Shiites now claim to be the biggest single group.

This situation has frightened the Sunnis and Christians, who fear that Hezbollah will bring Iranian style government in Lebanon. Now they have publicly started express their anxiety.

“The only way out of this gridlock is for both sides to agree on a national unity government, which is ultimately what the opposition wants, that would take into account the concerns of both sides.”, said Political analyst Amal Saad Ghorayeb of the Carnegie Endowment Middle East Centre.

Otherwise, it will create further political chaos. After a forming a nationally unity government, they should conduct a fresh census. Based on this census they should hold election. They should also scrap the old power sharing formula, and devise such a system that all communities enjoy equal rights. Lebanese should realize that their country has been used as a proxy battlefield for foreign interests. They use them and leave them in lurch when they like.

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