During the Bangalore Cyber Security Summit 2009, held on October 8th and 9th, one of the issues which came for discussion is the impact of the proposed amendments to ITA 2008 on various Intermediaries.
While most of the speakers spoke about the increasing security threats and therefore a strict regulation on Cyber Cafes, there was a discussion in one of the sessions about how to ensure that Cyber Cafes donot lose business as a result of either the stricter regulations or because the internet availability has now gone mobile with GPRS enabled mobile phones as well as the ubiquitous laptops.
We can recall an article which had been published a few months back in a blog Â where some interesting statistics were provided. A survey by the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) and IMRB was quoted to indicate that that the Cyber Cafe users as a percentage of overall Internet users had declined from 52% in 2003 to 39% in 2006. A more recent survey by A C Nielsen was also quoted to say that the usage has declined further to 34 % .
Though the per hour browsing rate has also declined, it appears that the actual gross revenue downfall has not been as steep as the fall in the numbers indicating that revenue is also being realized through value added services including printing, video and photo uploading , online gaming etc.
The survey therefore holds out a promise that if the business of a Cyber Cafe can be properly structured, the recessionary effect can be arrested to some extent.
Â Mr Ashish Saboo, President, Association of Public ICT Tools had expressed the opinion that part of the decline was due to the regulatory pressures.
In the light of the above observations, it may appear that with the ITA 2008, there should be greater regulatory pressures. But my own observationÂ in Karnataka is that very few (excepting the corporate Cyber Cafes) are actually complying with the regulation and hence the decline in the previous years is not due to regulatory pressures but because of the general decline in use of public access computing. One reason is that there were a few instances in Karnataka where key Loggers had been installed in the Cyber Cafes leading to loss of Bank passwords and Credit Card information of some of the customers who became victims of cyber crimes. This projected accessing through Internet as “Insecure” and hence people have stopped using Cyber Cafes for financial transactions.
One of the reasons why Cyber Cafes in Maharashtra have found regulations difficult to handle was that the regulations were too stringent. Same was the case with Gujarat. Complete Compliance was almost impossible in some cases or anyway not feasible without high costs.
Now that the Cyber Cafe regulations are likely to be revisited when the ITA 2008 is notified, there would be at least uniformity in the regulations in different states. This may remove certain impractical regulations but nevertheless, at a time that Terrorism is a threat and Cyber Cafes are definitely the access points used by terrorists, it is not possible for the regulations to be any lighter than what it is now.
This could mean that ID management would be more strictly enforced along with data retention under Sec 67 C or otherwise. The penalties for non compliance would be much stricter. It is therefore necessary for Cyber Cafes to consider planning for proper compliance to reduce the risk related costs.
In my opinion, maintaining compliance entirely on a manual basis is not going to happen and if any Cyber Cafe owner tries to cut costs and manage compliance manually, he is bound to end up in problems.
In this context the technology solutions discussed during the Summit appeared to hold promise for Compliance without the need for manual intervention. It was demonstrated that technology need not be expensive and also that the use of technology itself can open up new avenues of revenue so that instead of the revenue declining, we may actually see revenue of Cyber Cafes increasing.
Another aspect of the technology discussed was that it could enable the unorganized sector of Cyber Cafe owners majority of whom own one or two units can come on a common service platform and together harness the benefits which today are available only for large corporate cyber cafes.
Naavi.org has been suggesting a plan to create “E Bridge Centers” out of the Cyber Cafes and proivde them with new avenues of revenue, since the year 2002. It appears that this vision may finally become a reality in Karnataka.
The trial run of the new technology is going to happen in Karnataka over the next few months and it is expected that the Cyber Cafe owners in Karnataka can look forward to being compliant of Cyber laws, friendly with the Police and at the same time increase their revenue.
If it is possibleÂ to be law compliant and makemore money too, it must be possible for Cyber Cafesto actually look forward to growth in the coming days.
Naavi.org which has been advocatingÂ Building of a “Responsible Cyber Space” would welcome the introduction of such technologies which create a Cyber Law Compliant Cyber Cafe network across the State of Karnataka. If other States are interested, similar technologies can also perhaps be deployed there.
There could be initial mistrust and apprehension when the new technology is rolled out but hopefully the apprehensions would be removed once the Cyber Cafe owners are able to understand the way the technology would work.
October 10, 2009