Scientists have warned that more than 200 miles of coral reef along the coast of Belize, is likely to die, because of global warming. Belize is a tiny nation on the eastern coast of Central America on the Caribbean Sea, bordered by Mexico and Guatemala. Much of its coral reef was lost in the year 1998, when the sea temperatures increased worldwide, as a result of El Nino. Nearly 60% of the worldâ€™s coral reefs are at risk, as a result of human related activities and the case is much worse in Southeast Asia, where more than 80% of the reefs are at risk from over fishing, illegal fishing practices like cyanide or blast fishing, sedimentation, pollution, global warming and increasing sea temperatures.
Melanie McField from the World Wildlife Fund in the Belize City, said that greenhouse gas emissions increases sea temperatures and acidity of the oceans, which are â€˜bleachingâ€™ the coral reefs, making them vulnerable to deadly diseases. Coral reefs are known as the rainforests of the oceans, as they are home to nearly 30% of the marine life in the world, in spite of covering only less than 1% of the worldâ€™s ocean floor. Bleaching causes the corals to release almost 90 to 95% of the algae, which are essential for their survival, and with no algae to depend on the coral reef slowly dies out.
Also visit Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network